International Legal & Diplomatic Challenges Posed by Autonomous Weapons & AI-Assisted Systems | LAWS Workshop @ ICRA 2022
About the Video:
This talk introduces the challenges posed by the heightened use of autonomous weapons and the increasing militarization of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to the existing international legal order by appraising the relevant parts of international law: state responsibility, the law on the use of force, international humanitarian law (IHL), human rights law, and international criminal law. Most observers have rightly focused on IHL (or the law of armed conflict); however, it is essential to determine the impact on the totality of the legal framework governing international relations. Additionally, the talk examines the diplomatic efforts, obstacles, and opportunities at the United Nations, since 2014, to create a new treaty on autonomous weapons by explaining the role of key actors involved: states, scientists, the International Committee of the Red Cross, civil society, and the Stop Killer Robots Campaign, to determine what the prospects for future regulation will be.
About the Speaker:
Denise Garcia is Associate Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at Northeastern University. She researches on international law, and the questions of lethal robotics and artificial intelligence, global governance of security, and the formation of new international norms and their impact on peace and security. In 2017, Garcia was appointed to the International Panel for the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons (Germany’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs). Garcia teaches the annual course titled “Global Governance of International Security and the World Politics of Diplomacy” at the United Nations in Geneva, in cooperation with the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research and many other partners. In 2016, she testified to the United Nations on the question of lethal autonomous weapons and their impact on peace and security. Her articles have appeared in Foreign Affairs, the European Journal of International Security, International Affairs, Ethics & International Affairs, Third World Quarterly, Global Policy Journal, International Relations, and elsewhere. Prior to joining the faculty of Northeastern University in 2006 (tenured in 2013), Garcia held a three-year appointment at Harvard, at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, and the World Peace Foundation’s Intra-State Conflict Program. She is the vice-chair of the International Committee for Robot Arms Control, a member of the Academic Council of the United Nations and the Global South Unit for Mediation in Rio de Janeiro. A native of Brazil, and a naturalized citizen of the United States of America, Garcia is a devoted yogi, her hobbies include travel and surfing.
Recorded at the Workshop on Addressing Ethical and Technical Challenges in the Development, Use and Governance of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems during the 2022 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA).
Produced in partnership with the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society (https://www.ieee-ras.org/).
Recording funded in part by a grant from the United Engineering Foundation (https://www.uefoundation.org/).
About the Video:
This talk introduces the challenges posed by the heightened use of autonomous weapons and the increasing militarization of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to the existing international legal order by appraising the relevant parts of international law: state responsibility, the law on the use of force, international humanitarian law (IHL), human rights law, and international criminal law. Most observers have...