Realizing Physical Layer Security in Large Wireless Networks using Spectrum Programmability

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This paper explores a practical approach to securing large wireless networks by applying Physical Layer Security (PLS). To date, PLS has mostly been seen as an information theory concept with few practical implementations. We present an Access Point (AP) selection algorithm that uses PLS to find an AP that offers the highest secrecy capacity to a legitimate user. We then propose an implementation of this algorithm using the novel concept of spectrum programming which extends Software-Defined Networking to the physical and data-link layers and makes wireless network management and control more flexible and scalable than traditional platforms. Our Wi-Fi network evaluation results show that our approach outperforms conventional solutions in terms of security, but at the expense of communication capacity, thus identifying a trade-off between security and performance. These results encourage further implementation and extension to other wireless and mobile networks.