To evaluate the safety of electromagnetic exposure of a magnetic coupling resonance wireless charging system in electric vehicles on the human central nervous system, COMSOL Multiphysics software is used to establish electric vehicle models with different materials and thicknesses, a magnetic coupling resonance wireless charging system model, and a human body model. The electromagnetic exposure of the electromagnetic field generated by the wireless charging system to the central nervous system of the human body in the electric vehicle with carbon fiber-reinforced plastics (CFRP) car body, aluminum alloy car body, and low carbon steel car body with different thickness shielding is simulated and analyzed. The simulation results show that CFRP, aluminum alloy, and low carbon steel vehicles can effectively shield electromagnetic fields. The shielding effect of CFRP and aluminum alloy car body improves with the increase of thickness, and the shielding effect of low carbon steel car body worsens with the increase of thickness. Under the worst shielding condition, the maximum magnetic induction strength and electric field strength of human head are respectively 0.9 μT and 0.18 V/m, the electromagnetic exposure level to the human head is less than the public exposure limit of 27 μT and 2.97 V/m set by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection. Results show that the magnetic coupling resonance wireless charging system of an electric vehicle will not harm the human central nervous system in the vehicle.
Exposure of Wireless Charging Electric Vehicle to Human Central Nervous System wenting mou mai lu